Do you know the History Of Halloween?
November 2, 2018
USA- Many people celebrate Halloween in the U.S. People carve jack-o-lanterns, decorate their houses, and cosplay. But have you ever wondered the history of Halloween and how it became a holiday? If you didn’t, the Lion’s Roar is here to tell you the answer.
Halloween originated back to the ancient Celtic festival named Samhain (pronounced sow-in), which was celebrated on October 31 – November 1. The Celts believed that the night before new year, the boundary between the world of the living and the world of the dead became blurred which means that the dead can come to the world of the living as “ghosts.” On the night of October 31 (halloween) they celebrated Samhain, believing that was when ghosts of the dead returned to Earth. Celtic people use to burn animals and crops as sacrifices to the Celtic deities, and they would wear costumes consisting of animals heads and skin, and tried to tell each others fortunes.
Later at 43 A.D the Roman Empire conquered majority of the Celtic territory. During the four hundred years that the Romans ruled over the Celtic’s land, two of the Romans’ festivals absorbed some of the Samhain activities. The first festival is called Feralia, which was celebrated late October when the Romans celebrated the passing of the dead. The second festival is a day to honor Pomona, the goddess of fruits and trees. Pomona symbol is a apple which probably explains the tradition of “bobbing.”
Pope Boniface IV dedicated May 13, to honor all Christian martyrs, later Pope Gregory III expanded the festival to include all saints and martyr, and moved it from May 13 to November 1.
On the 19th century the influence of Christianity had reached to the Celtics’ land, which started to combine and replace the older Celtic rites. In 1000 A.D., the church declared November 2 All Souls’ Day. All Souls’ Day is a day when people honor the dead. People have said that the church was trying to replace the Celtic festival of the dead with a related Christian holiday.
All Souls’ Day was celebrated similarly to Samhain, which was with big bonfires, parades, and dressing up in costumes as saints, angels, and devils. All Saints Day is also called All- Hallows or All- Hallowmas and the tradition night of Samhain in the Celtic region, began to be called All- Hallows Eve, and eventually, Halloween.
In the second half of the nineteenth century, millions of fleeing the Irish Potato Famine, and helped popularize the celebration of Halloween nationally.